Conference “The long march towards justice: reflections on the last 40 years of hopes and disappointments”

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Juriste, négociateur et homme politique, Romeo Saganash a défendu pendant toute sa carrière les droits de la personne, en particulier ceux des Premières Nations. À l’occasion d’une conférence qui se déroulera le 24 novembre prochain, et dans un contexte où les injustices et les problèmes juridiques auxquels sont confrontés les peuples autochtones occupent plus que jamais l’espace public, il exposera les grands défis de sa carrière et échangera sur la transformation du discours politique.

Quoi : Conférence « La longue marche vers la justice : réflexions des 40 dernières années d’espoirs et de déceptions »
Quand : 24 novembre 2021 de 11 h 30 à 13 h
Où : Amphithéâtre Hydro-Québec, Pavillon Alphonse-Desjardins*

L’inscription à cette activité est obligatoire: https://bit.ly/3Fc7dFb

La conférence est organisée par la Faculté de droit de l’Université Laval en collaboration avec le Partenariat canadien pour la justice internationale, la Chaire de recherche du Canada pour la justice internationale et les droits fondamentaux et le Centre interuniversitaire d’études et de recherches autochtones.

*Veuillez noter qu’un passeport vaccinal ainsi qu’une pièce d’identité seront exigés à l’entrée de la salle.

Détails et informations : evenements@fd.ulaval.ca

asfc forum

LWBC Forum “Residential Schools: Truth, Justice and Healing” – International Exchanges

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Lawyers Without Borders Canada (LWBC) will host the 2021 edition of its Annual Forum on the theme of “Truth, Justice, and Healing in the Aftermath of Residential Schools – An international dialogue” online. Interpretation services will be available in French, Spanish and English.

Join us on November 3 and 4 and become an agent of change!

“Residential Schools: Truth, Justice and Healing – International Exchanges”

LWBC’s Annual Forum 2021 will focus on the challenges surrounding truth, justice and healing in the aftermath of human rights violations. Canada, like other countries in the world, has been grappling with these issues for a long time in light of the many human rights violations committed against Indigenous peoples — a topic that profoundly resonates considering the recent findings of graves linked to the country’s former residential schools.

Building on its long-lasting work with, and support for partners in various countries dealing with similar situations, LWBC wishes to promote international dialogue around the practical challenges faced by the victims of these crimes and the societies in which they were committed. The two-day Forum will comprise four sessions. Each half-day session will cover one of the four following crucial societal challenges: truth, justice, reparation, and guarantees of non-repetition.

For more information, see the complete program below.

To register, follow this link to the event’s webpage:

–       https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/lwbc-forum-truth-justice-and-healing-aftermath-of-residential-schools-registration-186244982757

* Please note there is a 10% discount on the registration fees for LWBC members

CPIJ organizes a panel on colonialism as genocide at the 48th CCIL Conference

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The Canadian Partnership for International Justice (CPIJ) hosts a panel at the 48th Annual Conference of the Canadian Council of International Law (CCIL). Titled “Colonialism as Genocide in Slow Motion: Is International Law diverse enough to address ongoing colonial genocide ”, this panel organized and financed by CPIJ will allow to discuss the place of colonial genocide in international law in the wake of the National Inquiry’s works, and foster discussions on the active decolonization process that is needed in order to address Canada’s ongoing colonial genocide.

The panel will be moderated by coresearcher Amanda Ghahremani, Simone de Beauvoir Institute, and will bring together Catherine Savard, CPIJ cocoordinator, Prof. Fannie Lafontaine, Université Laval, Prof. Pamela Palmater, Ryerson University and Michèle Audette, commissioner on the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls

The full program of the 48thCCIL Conference is available online.

CPIJ Members Contribute to National Inquiry into MMIWG’s Legal Analysis on genocide

By | News, Press Releases

5 June 2019 – On Monday, the Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG) was made public at an official ceremony held in Ottawa. This report, which affirms that First Nations, Inuit and Metis are victims of genocide, is supported by a supplementary legal analysis produced to deal specifically with this issue.

The use of the term “genocide,” entailing far-reaching legal and political consequences, had a resounding impact within Canada and abroad. On Tuesday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau accepted the use of the term “genocide” during the 2019 Women Deliver Conference in Vancouver. He had also pronounced that word the day before in his opening speech at this conference, but without officially accepting it.

The legal analysis supporting the MMIWG’s findings was elaborated in consultation with international legal scholars and lawyers with expertise on genocide and international crimes, including CPIJ members, namely Fannie Lafontaine (CPIJ Director), Amanda Ghahremani (Co-Researcher) and Catherine Savard (Assistant Coordinator).

The supplementary legal analysis on genocide contains the National Inquiry’s legal basis for determining that Canada has committed genocide against Indigenous Peoples. This analysis focuses on the responsibility of Canada as a state, and not on the responsibility of individuals. It explains that Canada’s genocide of Indigenous peoples was perpetrated through colonial structures and policies maintained by the Canadian state through centuries up until now. More precisely, it is the Canadian government’s actions and omissions, taken as a whole, that constitute this genocide. They imply the responsibility of the Canadian state under international law.

This MMIWG’s legal analysis insists on the fact that, contrary to the popular understanding, genocide encompasses both lethal and non-lethal acts, including acts of “slow death”, i.e., not leading to immediate death. In the Canadian colonial context, the intent to destroy Indigenous peoples was implemented gradually and intermittently through various policies targeting the distinct Indigenous communities. These policies compromised Indigenous peoples’ rights to life and security, as well as numerous economic, social and cultural rights. If such non-lethal acts differ from the traditional reductionist narrative on genocide, which is based on the Holocaust model, they are nonetheless included in the definition enshrined in Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

The MMIWG analysis concludes that the Canadian violation of international law will continue as long as genocidal acts continue to occur and that destructive policies are upheld by the Canadian government. Under international law, Canada has a duty to remedy the harm caused, but first, it must put an end to the persistent manifestations of violence and oppression of Indigenous peoples. Ending this genocide and providing appropriate remedies requires the implementation of an honest and dynamic process to decolonize and indigenize Canadian structures, institutions, laws and policies, thus involving the full and timely implementation of the MMIWG Calls for Justice.

The MMIWG is a National Commission of Inquiry set up in September 2016 and charged with the mandate to examine and report on the systemic causes of all forms of violence against Indigenous women and girls and 2SLGBTQQIA individuals in Canada. Its work led to the conclusion that Canada’s genocide of Indigenous peoples constitutes a root cause of the violence perpetrated against Indigenous women, girls and 2SLGBTQQIA individuals.

The supplementary legal analysis of genocide is available in English and French.

The MMIWG’s Final Report is available here:

* The acronym 2SLGBTQQIA refers to two-spirit, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex and asexual persons.